Newshawk: LTE How-To www.safeaccessnow.org/article.php?id=310
Pubdate: Sun, 2 Dec 2007
Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Page: D - 1
Copyright: 2007 Hearst Communications Inc.
Author: Joseph Elford
EMPLOYER CAN'T BREACH MEDICAL MARIJUANA PATIENT'S RIGHTS
Gary Ross is a 45-year-old veteran living in Carmichael, near
Sacramento, and until 2001, the mild-mannered father of two had been
leading a productive life as a computer systems administrator,
notwithstanding his chronic pain and spasms from a back injury
sustained in 1983, while in the Air Force.
But Ross' life took an unfortunate turn for the worse in September
2001 when his employer, RagingWire Telecommunications, fired him for
using medical marijuana to treat his debilitating illness.
Now Ross finds himself in the whirlwind of a major employment case -
one that is being closely followed by patients in California and
across the United States. It's the latest illustration of the tension
between federal and local authorities around medicinal marijuana.
California residents legalized it more than a decade ago, and 11
other states have since followed suit - but that has not stopped the
feds over the years from raiding pot clubs, even the homes of patients.
Conservative groups contend that if workers are allowed to smoke
medicinal pot, even off the job, employers could be at legal risk if
something went wrong at the office, not to mention that firms could
potentially lose valuable federal contracts and grants. But as chief
counsel for Americans for Safe Access - the medical marijuana
patients' rights group that argued Ross' case before the California
Supreme Court on Nov. 6 - I can assure you that these contentions are
legally meritless. Furthermore, state lawmakers never intended to
deny basic job rights for medical marijuana patients.
Many patients have experienced a plight similar to that of Gary Ross.
Since it began recording instances of employment discrimination in
2005, the Oakland-based Americans for Safe Access has received
hundreds of such reports from California in which employers have
fired patients from their job, threatened them with termination, or
denied them employment because of a positive test for marijuana.
Until 1999, Ross used a regimen of pain medications, including
Vicodin and muscle relaxants, to treat chronic pain and spasms in his
lower back. But after years of no success with these medications,
Ross' physician recommended marijuana to better treat his condition.
This recommendation, written nearly three years after California
voters passed the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, made Ross a
Since becoming a medical marijuana patient in 1999, Ross continued to
work successfully as a computer systems administrator, a skill he
learned in the Air Force.
Based on his successful performance with other corporations, Ross was
offered a position in 2001 as lead systems administrator at
RagingWire Telecommunications. But just after the Sacramento firm
offered Ross the job, he was asked to take a drug test, which he
willingly did. When Ross went to the clinic for the test, he
presented a copy of his physician's written recommendation to use
marijuana. Not surprisingly, Ross tested positive for marijuana.
After the test, Ross presented a copy of his physician's
recommendation to the human resources department at RagingWire and
informed the director that he was a qualified medical marijuana
patient. RagingWire confirmed Ross' recommendation for marijuana with
Yet despite the fact that Ross had performed his job competently over
the years and his off-duty use of medical marijuana would not impair
his ability to perform his job in any way, RagingWire fired Gary Ross
"because of his choice of (medical) treatment." As a result of his
use of marijuana at home to treat his disability, Ross was left jobless.
One year later, in September 2002, Ross took RagingWire to court,
arguing that qualified medical marijuana patients under California
law have a right to work free from discrimination. Unfortunately,
both the Sacramento Superior Court and the Third Appellate District
Court rejected his argument.
In October 2005, with the help of Americans for Safe Access, Ross
took his case to the California Supreme Court. Multiple "friend of
the court" briefs were filed on behalf of Ross and the thousands of
working patients across California.
The oral arguments before the California Supreme Court on Nov. 6
raised two important issues. The first is whether states have the
sovereign ability to pass laws that seek to protect the health and
welfare of their people, and protect against disability
discrimination without interference from the federal government.
That question is easily answered - in the context of employment.
There are no federal Drug-Free Workplace laws that require employers
to fire workers unless they are found to possess, use or distribute
illegal drugs at the workplace. Because Ross never conceded to using
medical marijuana on the job and had never come to work intoxicated,
the Drug-Free Workplace laws did not apply.
The second issue raised in the case is whether patients have a
privacy right to choose their own medical treatment without the
employer dictating it.
This is largely what the Ross case is about and, ideally, will follow
the long line of precedent, which states that the California
Constitution prohibits employers from intruding upon the
physician-patient relationship and interfering with the health
decisions made as a result.
"I wasn't fired for poor performance or for being a danger to my
co-workers," Ross said at a recent hearing. "I was fired due to an
antiquated and unfair company policy on medical marijuana. This
practice allows employers to undermine state law and the protections
provided to patients."
The progressive employment policies under the State's Fair Employment
and Housing Act should also play a part in preventing such forms of
discrimination, and California must continue its leadership role in
protecting disabled workers.
Ross hopes that the state Supreme Court, expected to weigh in this
February, will overturn the lower court rulings and provide
much-needed employment discrimination protections for patients. The
alternative is to treat medical marijuana patients, our most
vulnerable, as second-class citizens.